Skin Cancer – Types and Treatment
The skin cancer and sun exposure are directly related. It is usually found on areas of the body often exposed to sunlight. Nevertheless, it can also grow in rarely exposed areas. It is for this purpose that the skin in the body should be periodically checked. Skin cancer, squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma and melanoma are three types.
Skin cancer can grow between your fingers, under your fingernails, under your nose, lips, ears, scalp, hands, palms and wherever you have skin on your body. It can strike people of all skin tones and may grow gradually or manifest abruptly over time.You may find more details about this at Las Vegas Skin & Cancer South Rancho.
The most prevalent form is called basal cell carcinoma. It, too, is the best to handle. It usually appears on your skin as a waxy lump, or as a flat lesion resembling a scar.
Squamous cell carcinoma tends to spread more but is still easy to treat if caught early. This form of skin cancer occurs on your skin as a firm red lump, or a flat lesion with a scaly surface.
Melanoma may grow on your skin, or cause the cancer of an existing mole. Melanoma accounts for the deaths primarily associated with cancer. It appears on your skin as a brown spot which has an irregular hue and jagged borders. Melanoma can also cause your mole to change its shape or colour; it can cause bleeding of your mole. Melanoma lesions can also occur in your mouth and nose on mucous membranes.
If you have fair skin, eyes and hair, you can run a higher risk of developing melanoma. Whether you sunburn or freckle quickly, the risk is higher, too. If you as a child or teen had multiple sunburns then the risk of developing skin cancer as an adult is greater. People who spend a lot of time working or tanning in the sun raise their chances if they don’t wear protective clothing or use the appropriate sunscreen.
Treatment for cancer when the cancer is caught early is simple and effective. Under local anesthesia the cancer is removed at a doctor’s office. Together with healthy tissue that surrounds it, cancer is removed so that no stray cancer cells stay behind. Surgery may be done with a laser that guides a focused energy beam toward the cancer in order to destroy it. Laser surgery works well on pre-cancerous growths and surface cancers.
Certain forms of diagnosis include Mohs surgery. That requires that the surgeon remove one layer of skin at a time. This searches every layer for cancer cells. In this way will kill the cancer cells without taking too much healthy tissue away.
Freezing them with liquid nitrogen will kill certain forms of cancer. The cancer is falling away as it thaws. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are also used to treat skin cancer. Chemotherapy in the form of a cream or lotion can be taken orally, or applied directly to the skin cancer.
Skin cancer is much easier to treat while it is in the early stages. Hence, the doctor is very important for frequent self-examinations and regular full body exams. Through being smart about sun exposure, you may even take action to avoid skin cancer. Even in winter wear sunscreen and avoid the sun during the 10 am peak hours. By 4 p.m.